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BMSB 2nd Generation Emergence; August 15th, 2018

BMSB Eggs and newly hatch nymphs on pear leaf

Synopsis:
The 2nd generation of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) Halyomorpha halys (Stål) has been observed at the HVRL in Highland, NY this week. Fresh BMSB eggs in Tree of Heaven seed pods and on jalapeño pepper foliage have been found on the 14th of August. The newly emerging 1st instar nymphs can be seen feeding on beneficial egg symbionts essential for BMSB development.

Traps have exceeded threshold on a number of mid-Hudson Valley orchard sites. Scouting combined with border row, alternate row and whole orchard applications should be strongly considered as movement of native and BMSB populations begin to migrate into orchards. Insecticides selected for whole orchard applications should also have strong efficacy for apple maggot and obliquebanded leafroller, which also require management this week.

Insecticide tools with various degrees of efficacy for BMSB management.

Overview:
The brown marmorated and native green stink bug are arboreal insects, residing in woodland habitat. However, when populations continue to rise through July into August, increasing numbers of adults and nymphs can be observed on tree fruit. his has occurred over the past two weeks. Increasing presence of the insects in trees will result in injury in peach, pear and apple rows bordering woodlands and hedgerows. Nymphs ranging from 2nd to 5th instar of both species have been observed feeding on fruit along the orchard perimeter this week.

This newly developing partial second generation will significantly increase BMSB population in woodlands. As host quality from the arborial woodland habitat declines, increasing migration to tree fruit is very likely through the end of August on through to the end of October. Increased scouting should be based on recent and upcoming Tedders trap captures. This will be especially important if weather turns dry with irrigated tree fruit becoming a favored host of BMSB as adults begin to feed more intensively as they prepare for their overwintering phase.

BMSB nymph and damage to Jalapeno pepper. August 15

Remember that trap captures combined with scouting for the various life stages of the insect along the orchard perimeter rows should be the basis for insecticide applications. Unlike most other pests, we should not be using IPM thresholds based on stink bug feeding that results in fruit damage. As expression of the injury occurs 7-10 days or longer after feeding, you would have missed your opportunity to reduced injury if you postpone preventative applications while waiting on injury that has already occurred to become visible.

Use a conservative presence and trap threshold on through harvest. Finding a single BMSB or green stink bug in the tree canopy within 100′ of scouted perimeter row would be considered a conservative threshold. Driving along the orchard will likely spook the insects. You’ll need to stealth your way quietly around the orchard…its good exercise in the early evening or morning. Green stink bug tend to remain low while BMSB tend to move to the tops of the trees to feed.

When selecting insecticides for border row, alternate row and whole orchard applications you should consider constraints on your markets. If weather turns to drought, then longer residue based on the active ingredient minimum residue level (MRL) could become an issue, especially in EU markets and Israel. Review your options carefully with regards to harvest dates, PHI’s, re-application intervals and seasonal A.I. volume.

.When BMSB populations dramatically increase during late season, migration into orchards can be dramatic. BMSB have been known to funnel down to the last variety standing (such as the high value Pink Lady). In which case applications in late October may be warranted!!

Applications of insecticides selected for whole orchard applications should also have strong efficacy for apple maggot and obliquebanded leafroller, which also require management this week.

One of the most effective tools for use to manage BMSB is the active ingredient bifenthrin in a number of formulations.

Bifenthrin has a 12 hr. re-entry interval, 14 day pre-harvest interval and a 30 day re-application interval.

We received notice that the EPA has approved the Section 18 application for bifenthrin for use against the brown marmorated stink bug for 2018. Links below provide access to PDF copies of the Section 18 labels for materials containing the A.I. bifenthrin.

Labels should be made available to the applicator during bifenthrin applications. These can be printed or available as digital files such as PDF’s on tablets or smart phones. We were able to add an additional 1000 acres for use in Monroe, Wayne, and Orleans Counties during the application process this year. The exemption is valid now through October 15th as a “Section 18 EXEMPTION, FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY IN Columbia, Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, Monroe, Orleans, Wayne and Niagara Counties this year. Use in any other counties is prohibited. IN NEW YORK STATE”.

For all Bifenthrin products, the Section 18 permit can be used in apple, peach and nectarine. Do not apply more than a total of 0.50 lbs ai/acre per season. Apply as necessary to maintain control using a minimum of 30‐day spray intervals, 14-day pre-harvest interval and a 12 hour REI. Bifenthrin labels include:

Bifenture 10DF Insecticide/Miticide (EPA Reg. No. 70506‐227)

Bifenture®EC Agricultural Insecticide (EPA Reg.No.70506‐57)

BRIGADE WSB (EPA REG. NO. 279-3108)

Life Stages of the BMSB .